The Global Carbon Reward is a transformative policy for funding climate mitigation, ecosystem protection, and climate justice.



I believe we need a new theory on carbon pricing to resolve the climate crisis.

— Dr. Delton Chen (Founder)



Unsustainable Growth

The global economy, as it functions today, must grow to remain stable. Today, this growth is resulting in dangerous global heating and ecosystem breakdown. How can we resolve this conundrum?

Optimal Growth

A potential resolution to the dirty growth conundrum is a new policy toolkit that can support what we call optimal growth. Optimal growth is a growth pattern for the world economy that balances (1) global energy efficiency with (2) global carbon safety.

Greater energy efficiency occurs when better/more goods and services can be produced with the same/fewer energy inputs.

Carbon safety occurs when the carbon cycle is managed for stabilising the climate, and for supporting the regeneration of ecosystems and communities.

A new biophysical interpretation of civilisation — as a complex system — is espoused on this website. A key feature of this interpretation is that the world economy enables civilisation to evolve towards higher global energy efficiency. A second key feature of this interpretation is that civilisation currently lacks the economic structure for improving global carbon safety. Without a new economic structure that is optimised for carbon safety, it appears likely that civilisation will drive a planetary-level extinction event.

‘Carrot and Stick’ Carbon Pricing

We make the claim that optimal growth can be achieved by combining ‘carrot and stick’ carbon pricing. Most people are familiar with sticks. These include carbon taxes and cap-and-trade.

The main focus of this website is a new monetary tool, called a carbon reward. The carbon reward will be a global ‘carrot’ for incentivising and funding climate mitigation and co-benefits.

The purpose of the carbon reward is to improve carbon safety using two key strategies:

fund sufficient climate mitigation

fund regeneration of natural, social and built capital.

The economic policy for the carbon reward has four key features:

a global price for mitigated carbon

no direct costs

no carbon offsetting and no carbon trading in the policy

stakeholder representation.

The website provides a detailed introduction to the Global Carbon Reward policy, the new theory on carbon pricing, and a biophysical analysis for understanding the energy and carbon dynamics of the global economy.



Dr. Claire Nelson and Frank Van Gansbeke moderate a panel of experts to discuss the feasibility of the carbon currency. The webinar (Webinar #3) is part of World Environment Day, and marks the launching of the Global Carbon Reward website.

Webinar #3

Feature Story

The Ministry for the Future

Science fiction writer Kim Stanley Robinson writes about “the Chen paper” in his latest novel: The Ministry for the Future. Robinson describes a series of fictional events that lead to the establishment of an organisation that mitigates climate change. Robinson calls the initiative “carbon coin”. Robinson’s “carbon coin” is a fictional adaptation of Dr. Chen’s “carbon currency” that is the basis of the Global Carbon Reward.  Robinson writes: “We have to save the biosphere from catastrophic heating. We also have a market that won’t invest enough in this project. So governments need to do it, by way of creating new money specifically targeted to pay for rapid decarbonization”.
The Ministry for the Future By Kim Stanley Robinson Cover Book
Webinar #1
News Items

Getting Started


We aim to showcase the utility of the Global Carbon Reward by establishing a live demonstration of the financial mechanism and associated administration. The financial mechanism is fully scalable, debt-free, and provides precisely targeted finance. The administrative tasks include the evaluation of carbon rewards and reward weightings, as introduced below. Such a demonstration will require public-private partnerships between a government and a number of low-carbon projects. A central bank is needed to implement the financial mechanism as a demonstration, and this will involve issuing and trading a carbon currency. The trading of the carbon currency will not involve any carbon offsetting. Information on the pricing theory and the system of governance can be found via the links in the main menu.

Carbon Rewards

Each low-carbon project in the live demonstration will be issued rewards according to the mass of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) that they mitigate over time (see Introduction & Carbon Rewards). This will involve the application of reward rules that address each mitigation type and technology. Three types of climate action will be eligible to earn the reward payments (see links below).

A reward for reducing the carbon intensity of energy supplies.

Webinar #2

A reward for reducing the carbon intensity of business cashflow.

A reward for removing carbon from the ambient atmosphere.

Reward Weightings

Reward weightings will be used to adjust the rewards higher/lower based on the good/bad impacts on energy reliability, community wellbeing, and ecosystem health (see Reward Weightings). This will involve establishing a statistical consensus based on stakeholder surveys. The three kinds of reward weightings will be assessed for the benefit of people and planet (see links below).

A reward weighting for more reliable energy supplies.

A reward weighting for better community outcomes.

A reward weighting for protecting and restoring ecosystems.


We welcome enquiries and proposals to partner and collaborate on the topics of climate policy, digital technologies, and demonstration projects.


We appreciate your financial support. Please contact us if you need help with providing a gift.

WEBINAR #3 — 7 JUNE 2021

Institute of Caribbean Studies


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